Archaeological Theory

It refers to the various intellectual frameworks through which archaeologist interpret archaeological data. Archaeologists are able to develop accurate, objective information about past societies by applying the scientific method to their investigations, Archaeology has been and remains a cultural, gender and political battlefield. Some groups have tried to use archaeology to prove some current cultural or political point. Much contemporary archaeology is influenced by neo-Darwinian evolutionary thought, phenomenology, postmodernism, agency theory, cognitive science, functionalism, gender-based and Feminist archaeology and Systems theory.