Culture and Enculturation
The material world is crucial in processes of enculturation and cultural transmission, in shaping daily experience and perceptions, and in orienting action. Material culture is examined as it is commonly understood today in archaeology and material culture studies. Enculturation is the process where the culture that is currently established teaches an individual the accepted norms and values of the culture or society where the individual lives. Furthermore, the diverse roles of material culture in relation to cognition are explored through specific examples from prehistoric, historic, and contemporary societies.